Buenavista is a 2nd class municipality with more than 50,000 population. It is located at the northern tip of Guimaras Island and one of the five towns composing the Province of Guimaras. The northern and northwestern part of the town overlooks the Panay Island and the North-eastern portion faces Negros. It is 2 nautical miles away from Iloilo City and four miles from Negros.
Measuring approximately nineteen (19) kilometers at the deepest and having a cross length of about eleven 11 kilometers from the town contains a total land area of twelve thousand eight hundred twenty six (12,826) hectares.
A total of 36 barangays compose the Municipality of Buenavista, each having its own formal baranganic set-up and with clearly defined boundaries.
Its mandate is based on Republic Act 7160 or the Local Government Code. Provisions of the Code that covers that mandate of the Municipality of Buenavista are the following Sections in the Code:
Every local government unit created or recognized under this code is a body politic and corporate endowed with powers to be exercised by it in conformity with law. As such, it shall exercise powers as a political subdivision of the national government and as a corporate entity representing the inhabitants of its territory (Sec. 15 RA 7160).
Every local government unit shall exercise the powers expressly granted. Those necessarily implied therefrom, as well as powers necessary, appropriate or incidental for its efficient and effective governance and those which are essential to the promotion of the general welfare. Within their respective territorial jurisdictions, local government units shall ensure and support among other things, the preservation and enrichment of culture promote health and safety, enhance the right of the people to a balance ecology, encourage and support the development of appropriate and self-reliant scientific and technological capabilities, improve public morals, enhance economic prosperity and social justice, promote full employment among their residents, maintain peace and order and preserve the comfort and convenience of their inhabitants. (Sec. 16 RA 7160).
- Local government units shall endeavor to be self-reliant and shall continue exercising the powers and discharging the duties and functions and functions currently vested upon them. They shall also discharge the functions and responsibilities of national agencies and offices devolved to them pursuant to this Code. Local government units shall likewise exercise such other powers and discharge such other functions and responsibilities as are necessary, appropriate or incidental to efficient and effective provisions of the basic services and facilities enumerated herein.
- Such basic services and facilities include, but are not limited to the following:
- Extension and on-site research services and facilities related to agriculture and fishery activities which include dispersal of livestock and poultry, fingerlings and other seedling materials for aquaculture: palay, corn and vegetable seed farms; medicinal plant gardens; fruit tree; coconut and other kind of seedling nurseries; demonstration farms; quality control of copra and improvement and development of local distribution channels, preferably through cooperatives; inter-barangay irrigation system; water and soil resource utilization and conservation of mangroves;
- Pursuant to national policies and subject to supervision, control and review of the DENR, implementation of community-based forestry projects which include integrated social forestry programs and similar projects; management and control of communal forests with an area not exceeding fifty (50) square kilometers establishment of tree parks, greenbelts and similar forest development projects;
- Subject to the provisions of Title Five, Book I of this Code, health services which include the implementation of programs and projects on primary health care maternal and child care and communicable and non-communicable disease control services, access to secondary and tertiary health services; purchase of medicines, medical supplies and equipment needed to carry out the services herein enumerated;
- Social welfare services which include programs and projects on child and youth welfare, family and community welfare, women’s welfare, welfare of the elderly and disabled persons; community-based rehabilitation programs for vagrants, beggars, street children, scavengers, juvenile delinquents and victims of drug abuse; livelihood and other pro-poor projects; nutrition services and family library;
- Information services which include investments and job placement information systems, tax and marketing information systems and maintenance of a public library;
- Solid waste disposal system or environmental management system and services or facilities related to general hygiene and sanitation;
- Municipal buildings, cultural centers, public parks including freedom parks, playgrounds and other sports facilities and equipment and other similar facilities;
- Infrastructure facilities intended primarily to service the needs of the residents of the municipality and which are funded out of municipal funds including but not limited to, municipal roads and bridges; school buildings and other facilities for public elementary and secondary schools; clinics, health centers and other health facilities necessary to carry out health services; communal irrigation, small water impounding projects and other similar projects; fish ports, artesian wells, spring drainage and sewerage and flood control; traffic signals and road signs and similar facilities;
- Public markets, slaughterhouses and other municipal enterprises;
- Public cemetery;
- Tourism facilities and other tourist attractions, including the acquisition of equipment, regulation and supervision of business concessions and security services for such facilities and
- Sites for police and fire stations and substations and municipal jail;
Power to Generate and Apply Resources – Local Government Units shall have the power and authority to establish an organization that shall be responsible for the efficient and effective implementation of their development plans, program objectives and priorities; to create their own sources of revenues and to levy taxes, fees and charges which shall accrue exclusively for their use and disposition and which shall be retained by them; to have a just share in national taxes which shall be automatically and directly released to them and without need of any further action; to have equitable share in the proceeds from the utilization and development of the national wealth and resources within their respective territorial jurisdictions including sharing the same with the inhabitants by way of direct benefits; to acquire, develop, lease, encumber, alienate or otherwise dispose of real or personal property developmental or welfare purposes, in the exercise or furtherance of their governmental or proprietary powers and functions in the attainment of national goals. (Sec. 18 RA 7160)